December 2022 – Thanks to a five-year loan of over 70 artefacts from the Bahrain National Museum, this presentation provides an overview of the succession of different cultures on the island of Bahrain between the Bronze Age and the beginning of our era. Bahrain was called Dilmun (from 2300 to 500 BC), then Tylos (from 300 BC to AD 300).

During the Dilmun period, Bahrain was a major trading centre in the Near East. The island’s close trade links with Mesopotamia are recounted in various Mesopotamian mythological texts. Thanks to its central location in the Gulf and its outstanding natural resources, Bahrain became a major commercial hub on the sea routes between Arabia, Iran, the Indian subcontinent and Mesopotamia.